Nepal, earlier the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked country between India and China in South Asia.
Nepal is moreover situated in the Himalayas, and also covers parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, bordering the Tibet Autonomous Region of China on the north side and India on the south, east and west sides. Nepal is closely separated from Bhutan by the Indian state of Sikkim and Bangladesh by the Siliguri Corridor.
The culture of Nepal surrounds the various cultures of the 125 distinct ethnic groups in Nepal. And, its culture is expressed by dance and music; craft and art; folklore; literature and languages; religion and philosophy; celebrations and festivals; food and drinks. There are 123 languages spoken in Nepal as to the 2011 census. A lot of them belong to Tibeto-Burman or Indo-Aryan language families. The major languages of Nepal are Nepali, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Nepal Bhasa, Bajjika, Doteli, Tharu, and Tamang. Dashain and Tihar are one of the biggest festivals of Nepal celebrated throughout the country.